In an uncertain and ever changing world where technology is an important indicator of progress, where companies are born immediately international, very quickly they go from small to global.


In this sense, in the new Industrial Revolution, we will have much more advanced robotics, autonomous transport, artificial intelligence, advanced materials and biotechnology. These developments will transform the way we live and work.


Some jobs will disappear, and jobs that do not even exist yet will be common in the future.





Briefly: The First Industrial Revolution used water vapor to mechanize production; the Second used electric power to create mass production; the Third resorted to electronics and information technology to automate production.


Now, we are facing a Fourth Industrial Revolution, which has been developing through a fusion of technologies between the spheres of Physical, Biological and Digital.


Mobile internet and cloud technology are already affecting the way we work. Although artificial intelligence, 3D printing and advanced materials are still at an early stage of use, the pace of change will be quite fast. It will change not only what we do, but also what we are. At the turn of a brave new world!


And in this new world, there are some rules to take into account for a sustainable growth of companies, among which, they stand out:


– average annual growth in earnings per share in the last five years is less than 50%; with profits increasing, but not too much;


– degree of debt is below 80%; in this ratio, which compares liabilities with equity, companies less are debt-dependent;


– change in the stock-to-sales ratio of less than 10%. Ideally, the ratio should decrease, which would mean that sales increased faster than stocks;


– the opposite – stocks growing faster than sales – could indicate that products in stock are not being dispatched so quickly;


– for listed companies, the dividend yield must always be less than 10%, in the medium/long term, to keep investors looking for stability in dividends and growth of the company;


– distributing more than the results obtained, doesn’t generate savings for new projects, such as withdrawing money from the savings to support the business or, worse, implies a debt increase;


– in prudent management, the distribution of profits must not exceed half, a responsible position is assumed and the dividends are adjusted to the results generated


Based on these rules of sustainable management Forbes magazine analyzes those that were the most profitable industries in the United States of America, and it is interesting to verify the changes that have happened over the last years.


The area of ​​health-driven technology was the one that generated the most profit, thus leading the top of the most profitable industries. The financial and technological sectors also hold relevant positions. As a reference, the top 10 of the most profitable industries:


  1. Health technology, assuming an average profit margin of 21%.
  2. Finance, with average profit margin of 17.3%.
  3. Technological services, the average profit margin of this sector is 16.1%.
  4. Electronics, the average profit margin here is 13.2%.
  5. Perishable consumer goods, the profit margin is, on average, 11.8%.
  6. Transport, which offers an average profit margin of 9.8%.
  7. Consumer services, it is also claimed as a sector that has a weight of 9.7% profit.
  8. Utilities, its average profit margin was 9.2%.
  9. Factories, their average profit is 8.4%.
  10. Communication, from radio to the press, among others, with average profit margin of 7.4%.